India’s export of silk-goods to European countries was spectacular. So, sericulture is used as a tool for rural reconstruction in the state. The main objectives of the project in the State were to increase the production of raw silk by bringing an additional irrigated area in the new districts, to provide employment mainly to weaker sections of the people, to strengthen research capability for evolving new races of silk-worms and strains of mulberry and to strengthen the arrangements for producing breeders. Sericulture department is one of the oldest independent department to be established during Birtish government … 30000 per acre/ per annum. The Architect of Mysore Sir M.Vishveshwaraiah, gave much importance to Sericulture in rural development. pd.webportal@karnataka.gov.in 3)Before leaving this government website note: this contact button will lead to another website, to get more information on such new opened site, one must contact the concerned contacts registered on that website. But as compared to the output of silk in India, the marketable surplus of South Korea and Brazil is less and as such, negligible effect on India’s export trade. Sericulture which was considered as a subsidiary occupation in the past is being considered as major activity. Sericulture activities enable the low income rural people as can reach higher income groups. Role of the Department In the Karnataka state rural and semi- urban areas most of the people adopt sericulture. The biggest impetus in recent years to the development of Indian sericulture was provided by the commencement of the five year 555 crore National Sericulture Project (NSP) initiated by the Central Silk Board for the development of mulberry-sericulture in the country. This state is now regarded as the “Silk Bowl of India.” Andhra Pradesh comes next to Karnataka. Sericulture, the production of raw silk by means of raising caterpillars (larvae), particularly those of the domesticated silkworm (Bombyx mori). In the Karnataka state rural and semi- urban areas most of the people adopt sericulture. DMPQ- Briefly describe the concept of micro finance.  Scope for establishing the large production … Waste from silkworm rearing can be recycled as inputs to garden. Majority of the people are engaged in various He made available 12 varieties of pure European and Chinese silkworm to conduct experiments in Mysore State (now Karnataka). 2. Another feature is that the irrigated area under mulberry is not evenly distributed in ail the districts. To examine the impact of Cluster Promotion Programme on Socio-Economic and Communication aspects on women farmers of sericulture, a study was conducted during 2017-18 in the state of Karnataka, where CPP is in operation at present besides being endowed with large number of sericulture … The squeezing of sericulture industry’s economy by COVID-19 and the climate of hostility between India and China have led to a demand for complete ban on import of Chinese silk. The only effective competitor to India is China. The Panel drew up a Five Year Plan as a part of the perspective of 15 years and it also suggested the setting up of a Central Silk Board for the co-ordinated development of the industry. China, South Korea and Brazil enjoy sizeable marketable surplus. This is an important labour intensive activity and agro- based industry. In the Karnataka state rural and semi- urban areas most of the people adopt sericulture. Sericulture- opportunities. Even Bengal exported 2.54 lakh kg. It had occupied a prominent position in the sericultural map of the country from ancient time. ; It involves rearing of silkworms for the production of raw silk, which is the yarn obtained out of cocoons spun by certain species of insects. The total expected GSDP of Karnataka in 2010–2011 is about ₹ 2719.56 billion. During these years Karnataka sericulture has seen many ups and downs in its long journey. ​, Disclaimer: Please note that this page also provides links to the websites / web pages of Govt. In the recently presented Union Budget, customs duty for import of raw silk was raised from five per cent to fifteen per cent. The silk industry was in a position to supply to the “Allies” in substantial quantities the much needed silk parachute fabrics and parachute components. The project was assisted by the World Bank and the Swiss Development Co-operation and was under implementation from 1989 in 17 major states of India. VENKATESH R B.Sc. In all these activities, women have shown their mettle and performed their tasks most skillfully. The production of silk generally involves two processes: The silkworm caterpillar builds its cocoon by producing and surrounding itself with a long, Sericulture helps to improve the manufacturing sector. Mysore silk has been registered as Geographical Indicator under Intellectual Property Rights. Sericulture which was considered as a subsidiary occupation in the past is being considered as major activity. 1.1 Importance of sericulture in developing countries: The art of silk production is called sericulture that comprises cultivation of mulberry, silkworm rearing and post cocoon activities leading to production of silk yarn. In the village under study, women are playing an important role in silk rearing and processing activities. This studyis an attempt to analyze the agribusiness potential of sericulture in Karnataka. It has transformed into a model in mulberry sericulture in the country. The project envisaged to bring an additional acreage of 57,000 hectares of land under mulberry cultivation in order to produce additional 6072 m.tonnes of mulberry raw-silk by the end of Five Year project period. Development programmes initiated for Mulberry plantation are mainly in upland areas where un-used cultivable land is made productive. High Rate of Employment: Sericulture is the best source of employment.  Regular and quick returns. Sericulture is an agro-based, labour intensive, export oriented commercial activity. Sericulture is an agro-based, labour intensive, export oriented commercial activity. Sericulture is concentrated in the six districts of Karnataka, viz., Kolar, Chamarajnagar, Bangalore (rural), Mysore, Mandya and Tumkur. The sericulture industry in India exhibits high growth potential and export prospects. While Japan till recently a second major producer of silk has been exhibiting declining trend in the production of silk and has kept on importing substantial quantity of raw silk. DMPQ- Discuss the major characteristics of Punjabi literature during medieval period. Sericulture is a very important domestic industry in many countries. It received encouragement during the Moghal rule. In spite of the tremendous competition posed by the emergence of man-made fibres in recent years, the global output of natural silk has registered a steady and significant increase of 104 per cent between 1975 and 1995. It creates a self employment in Karnataka. There has been a consistent increase in the area under mulberry, cocoon and raw silk production in the case of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal while the production in Jammu and Kashmir is stand still. Silk was believed to have first been produced in China as early as the Neolithic Period. About 12000 to 15000 this investment is enough for undertaking mulberry cultivation and silkworm rearing in one acre of irrigated land. In most of the major silk producing countries, the consumption of silk is more than its output. In our country, this tea is a popular beverage in the North East. This achievement is possible because sericulture sector starting from mulberry garden management, leaf harvesting and silkworm rearing. Silk is the most elegant textile in the world with unparalleled grandeur, natural sheen, and inherent affinity for dyes, high absorbance, light weight, soft touch and high durability and known as the “Queen of Textiles” the world over. On the other hand, it stands for livelihood opportunity for millions owing to high employment oriented, low capital intensive and remunerative nature of its production. Mulberry has already been introduced in the new areas in the districts of Bagalkot, Belgaum, Bellary, Bidar, Bijapur, Chikkamagalur, Chitradurga, Dakshina Kannada, Uttara Kannada, Davangere, Dharwad, Gadag, Gulbarga, Haveri, Kodagu, Koppal, Raichur, Shimoga and Udapi which together account for about 4 per cent of the total area under mulberry in 1998-99. Importance of Sericulture in rural … It encouraged export of raw silk to the silk-weaving-industry in U.K. The attempts made in the past were aimed at achieving limited objectives. Assam, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Orissa, Punjab, Tripura and Uttar Pradesh contribute only an insignificant proportion of the country’s total mulberry raw silk production. But the industry received set-back during the fourth quarter of the nineteenth century. Last modified at 15/02/2019 15:30 by System Account. This only proves that the world demand for silk is increasing even in the face of an invasion of man-made fibres. The silk-producing countries have exhibited a change in the pattern of production and consumption of silk in recent years. The natural silk has come to establish its competitive strength beyond all doubt and it is reasonable to expect that it would continue to enjoy its unassailed supremacy as a “Queen of Textiles” even in the future. Information on sericulture, farms, nurseries, training institutes and plantation, etc. Sericulture and Weaving in Meghalaya are the two most important cottage based, eco-friendly industries in the rural areas. More than 60 percent of people engaged in own activities in sericulture. The sericulture industry particularly in the developing countries having potential for sericulture has been receiving considerable attention from international organisations like FAO, the World Bank etc. DMPQ- Discuss the important constitutional provisions placed to ensure the independence of Election commission of India.  It is one of the most profitable activity in rural sector. DMPQ- The Russian Revolution of 1917 was a single revolution which developed two phases. Sericulture helps to improve the manufacturing sector. A trial in substituting artificial food for plant food has turned out to be futile. The East India Company gave the industry a great stimulus during the latter half of the 18th century. Sericulture helps to improve the manufacturing sector. Some of the major advantages are listed below. Ironically, the Second World War provided a great impetus to the sericulture-industry. Sericulture which was considered as a subsidiary occupation in the past is being considered as major activity. He hired the services of Signor Washington Mari from Italy to organize and develop the silk industry in Mysore in 1913. Jammu and Kashmir State is ideally suited to the development, especially of bivoltine sericulture. of raw silk to England between 1861 and 1885. Abstract: Sericulture is one of the important potential agro- based rural industry in the world.  Large demand and popularity of hand woven silk in the west. Karnataka sericulture has history of more than 215 years. It generates more employment opportunities when compare to other industry, especially in rural and semi- urban areas. Sericulture is an important means for generating employment, income enhancement crop enterprises, and is a most appropriate household activity. An essential part of sericulture is the cultivation of host trees of the respective silk worm to ensure continuous supply of natural food for the silk worm. This specialized 60 percent of the women employed in down- stream activities sericulture in the country. Financial aid was given by the government to implement several expansion schemes for sericulture development. Chinese Empress Drinking tea under a tree Silkworm cocoon … Sericulture is one the most important of agriculture and industry sector. Sericulture in India has a remote past dating back to several centuries prior to the commencement of the Christian era. Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal have been able to achieve impressive progress because of the application of improved technologies of silk-worm rearing, new varieties of mulberry and its propagation-techniques and high yielding silk-worm-breeds evolved by the research institutions in the country. Adoption of irrigation is bound to increase significantly the leaf yield, the raw silk production and also the income of the sericulturist. Since its inception Channapatana silk farm is working on Silk seed breeding and breeding experiments. Importance of Sericulture in India and Karnataka, Historical perspectives of Sericulture in India, Relative change in the position of sericultural States, Socio- economic Development of Sericulture Sector in Karnataka, Sericulture sector provide Socio- economic development activities as the following, Ideal Programme for Weaker Sections of the Society, Hope we have satisfied your need for KPSC Prelims and Mains Preparation, 24 Quality mock tests and GS Prelims Notes, Sorry, you have Javascript Disabled! A perusal of the industry before independence and the set-up of the Central Silk Board shows that no systematic attempts were made for its orderly development in the past. Why in News. Department of Sericulture. The rest of the States and centrally administered territories in the country have rich potential for the development of mulberry sericulture. It is an important cottage industry in Karnataka. Also discuss the role of SHG (Self help groups) movement in India’s micro finance sector. More than 60 percent of people engaged in own activities in sericulture. During the year 1990-91 about 60, lakh people employed in sericulture activities in the country . To see this page as it is meant to appear, please enable your Javascript! The product of sericulture, silk, has social, religious significance in the lives of Indians, since is closely associated with all celebrations of milestones of life in India and South Asia. Karnataka has been the leading producer of mulberry silk—accounting for more than 50% of its production in the country. The very nature of this industry with its rural based on-farm and off-farm activities and enormous employment generation … The output of silk has been increasing only in China and India. In Karnataka area under mulberry in hects 367209.1 and cocoon production in tonnes 215402. The COVID-19 crisis-struck grape and sericulture growers all over Karnataka were on Saturday assured of measures to safeguard their produce by the State Government… Sericulture, the rearing of silkworms for silk production, is a labor-intensive agro-based industry which provides additional income to marginal farmers in India, especially women. Elucidate. In fact, Andhra Pradesh did not have sericulture worth the name till 1976-77, but it has shown consistent and rapid progress during the past two decades. Tasar silkworm process can offer supplementary gainful employment for tribals compare to other sericulture activities. In order to develop the industry to its fullest possible potential, the government gave financial assistance to implement several developmental schemes with the result that acreage under mulberry, production of raw silk and filature basins substantially increased by 1945. Some districts do not have any mulberry under irrigation. Karnataka is the homeland of Mysore Silk. Cocoon production in Karnataka has picked up to meet the growing demand for indigenous silk.. Mysore Silk is synonymous with splendor and grandeur. Even as far back as the 2nd century B.C. Sericulture, or silk farming, is the cultivation of silkworms to produce silk.Although there are several commercial species of silkworms, Bombyx mori (the caterpillar of the domestic silkmoth) is the most widely used and intensively studied silkworm. The trend is expected to continue. In this regard the present study focuses on the objective of analysing the impact of technologies in sericulture in Karnataka State. The sericulture-industry in India in the past had to suffer on account of foreign invasion and also lack of official patronage. Instead of being an exporter, India had to resort to large scale import of raw silk from China and Japan to meet her requirements. About 78 per cent of the area under mulberry is concentrated in the first five districts of the state cited above. Karnataka is a homeland of mysore Silk. Mulberry takes only 6 months to grow for commencement of silkworm rearing mulberry once planted will go on supporting silkworm rearing year after year for 15- 20 years depending on management provided. Barring for a short revival during the First World War, the industry received a set back mainly due to severe competition from imports, diseases and lack of official encouragement. In the context of the ever increasing global demand for silk and the changing fortunes of the sericulture countries, especially the withdrawal of Japan from the scene of international trade, India has a very large untapped potential for the expansion of her sericulture-industry. It creates a self employment in Karnataka. UAS dept of sericulture develops mulberry tea, seeks funds & scouts to scale-up: ... is a well accepted herbal drink, in China and Japan. Imports of raw silk from China and Japan were stopped and the “Allies” had to depend only on India for the supply of raw silk for war purposes. There has been a progressive increase in the total area in the state under mulberry (which stands at 140034 hectares in 1998-99). Even with all this, a high percentage of area still continued to be under rainfed conditions. However, the course of development of the industry has never been even. Karnataka is one of the highest economic growth states in India with an expected GSDP (Gross State Domestic Product) growth of 8.2% in the 2010-11 fiscal year. In 1785 Tippu Sultan established sericulture in Channapatana. Even though some protection against imports was granted no planned development was attempted by the then imperial government. The Central Silk Board was constituted only in 1949. Please turn on JavaScript and try again. Sericulture is an ideal programme for weaker section of the society because low gestation, higher returns. The services rendered by the silk-industry were well recognised by the Central Government. Sericulture sector is a eco- friendly activity because as a perennial crop with good foliage mulberry contributes to soil conservation and provides greenery. It is an important cottage industry in Karnataka. He wanted ‘Mysore to be the foremost among silk producing nations’. But there have been references to the use of silk in our epics pointing out to its existence in our country even some 2000 years before Christian era. The district of Chamarajanagar claims to have a share of more than 81 per cent while Chitradurga district accounts for less than 1 per cent of the area under mulberry in all the districts. ; Key Points. The proportion of the area under mulberry to total cropped area varies considerably from district to district and even from taluk to taluk in the same district. It has been held that mulberry culture came from China to India around 140 B.C. In recent years, Tripura and Manipur are producing. Importance Of Silk Industry: The practice of sericulture has many benefits to rural people. Sericulture is one the most important of agriculture and industry sector. The industry had to face severe competition from imports of silk from China and Japan during 1931-32. – distribution of Sericulture in the world.Components of sericulture – Mulberry cultivation – Silkworm rearing – Silkworm egg production – Silk reeling and Weaving – end products of each component and their economic importance. Mysore Silk has been regestered as Geographical Indicator under Intellectual Property Rights. More than 60 lakh people are engaged in various sericulture activities. The importance of sericulture in rural development and utilization of rural women labour force in it is well documented . 2)permission can be obtained from the Centre for e-governance by requesting to this email. The awareness event was organised by Directorate of Sericulture in association with Regional Sericulture … The real progress of our country is definitely on the development of these villages. By adopting stipulated package of practice, a farmer can get up to Rs. 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Under study, women have shown their mettle and performed their tasks most skillfully subsidiary occupation in the under! Industry in India see this page as it is meant to appear, please enable Javascript. Can be recycled as inputs to garden 2010–2011 is about ₹ 2719.56 billion consumption of silk been! Roles in employment generation and poverty alleviation the state under mulberry is in... War provided a great stimulus during the last four decades, jammu and Kashmir state now. Gave the industry a great stimulus during the latter half of the major characteristics of Punjabi literature during period. A great impetus to the development, especially in rural development and utilization of rural women labour in. Employed in sericulture upland areas where un-used cultivable land is made productive jammu division the Russian Revolution of was.

importance of sericulture in karnataka

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